Skill Development


SKILL DEVELOPMENT

Mankind has always been fighting nature to survive. Added to this fight is the fight between humans as they are divided on the basis of affluence and influence. Regions, religions, races, nation states and other groupings strive to be one up. The key to success is undoubtedly the set of skills that the particular group of humans posses.

What is skill? This question has haunted academics, artists and the business folk. It can be said that a skill is a unique ability by an individual or group to execute a task with pre-determined results, keeping in mind the limitations of time and energy. For the purpose of understanding skills can be divided into domain-general and domain-specific skills. Domain-general skills could be like leadership/inspirational, time management and human energy management skills. Domain-specific skills could be useful only for that domain, for example in culinary sciences management of the kitchen.

Further skills can be divided into labour skills, life skills, survival skills, people skills, social skills, soft skills, hard skills and so on. Coming to ‘creation’, the meaning is very vast. Creation includes both ‘invention’ and ‘discovery’. In simple words, it means the act of bringing into the world, something that never existed. Skills can be created by efforts of researchers and practitioners. Skills once gained can be honed and tuned to supreme perfection. Skills are usually transferred by the teacher to the student and it is the bounden duty of the student to take the skill to the next level. Earlier, academic/industrial guilds served as the place of instruction, research and refinement of skills. The need of the hour is to bring in a renaissance in preserving, recording, transmission and refinement of skills. As each new day dawns it is imperative for mankind to preserve and transmit existing skills and to research for new skills and encourage the skill set among humans to hone their skills.

Skills developments are short termed or duration training programs designed to offer the tricks of trade guidance to the aspiring candidate for the job. As the name suggests, there is a wide array of courses to choose from depending upon your personal capabilities and choices. Some of the most widely available choices of courses are household work, stitching, mending and sewing, handicrafts, pottery, carpentry, security guard, etc. such short duration, to the point courses offer a great learning opportunity for the candidates further helping them to succeed in the respective field and earn a decent living.

To be précis, skill development enables and empowers a person to be independent and upright in the society that demands trained professional. It is a need of new India and of the working population of India.



World Can Move On Only if it gets Skilled

Mankind has always been fighting nature to survive. Added to this fight is the fight between humans as they are divided on the basis of affluence and influence. Regions, religions, races, nation states and other groupings strive to be one up. The key to success is undoubtedly the set of skills that the particular group of humans posses.

What is skill? This question has haunted academics, artists and the business folk. It can be said that a skill is a unique ability by an individual or group to execute a task with pre-determined results, keeping in mind the limitations of time and energy. For the purpose of understanding skills can be divided into domain-general and domain-specific skills. Domain-general skills could be like leadership/inspirational, time management and human energy management skills. Domain-specific skills could be useful only for that domain, for example in culinary sciences management of the kitchen.

Further skills can be divided into labour skills, life skills, survival skills, people skills, social skills, soft skills, hard skills and so on. Coming to ‘creation’, the meaning is very vast. Creation includes both ‘invention’ and ‘discovery’. In simple words, it means the act of bringing into the world, something that never existed. Skills can be created by efforts of researchers and practitioners. Skills once gained can be honed and tuned to supreme perfection. Skills are usually transferred by the teacher to the student and it is the bounden duty of the student to take the skill to the next level. Earlier, academic/industrial guilds served as the place of instruction, research and refinement of skills. The need of the hour is to bring in a renaissance in preserving, recording, transmission and refinement of skills. As each new day dawns it is imperative for mankind to preserve and transmit existing skills and to research for new skills and encourage the skill set among humans to hone their skills.


SKILL DEVELOPMENT

Definition

Skills are the ingrained qualities that a person possesses. In more precise terms, a skill is the capability to perform specified tasks with preset knowledge and outcome within the assigned sum of time and energy. The skills could be of two types namely, pre-existing and learned. The pre-existing skills are a part of person’s personality since birth or sometime later where s/he developed those skills such as social skills. However, the learned skills are the ones that need more emphasize as; generally; these are the skills that come in helpful for employment.

The process of development of skills by using external mediums such as training, guidance, education and learning is called skill development. It plays an important role in receiving desired employment opportunities for a better future of the aspirant. Skill development is not only important for the contender but also for the development of the nation, as it enables a person to work respectfully in a position corresponding to his/her caliber and contribute to the progress of the society. The government of India has, in collaboration with ministry of Skill development and Entrepreneurship have taken it upon themselves to provide skill development training by conducting workshops, seminars and classes to people who can benefit from it.



Skills: Abilities and Knowledge

Learning is a lifelong process and can be enhanced by the use of education and vocational guidance. All these three elements together form a firm base and pillars of employability in the future. It enables a person to take up responsible jobs, perform them with sincerity and sustain them for a long duration. In fact, it can be rightfully said that, “Skill Development is the key to a sustained development of the nation and individual.”

A person might possess unquestionable abilities or caliber but, without the desired knowledge to enhance it, he would be unable to sustain the employment opportunity demanding the area of caliber. The unique combination of ability and knowledge helps a person define his skill in the field. For example, a person might know how to cut logs with ease but unless he receives formal training in carving those logs or turning it into furniture he will not sustain a lifestyle by just cutting them.



Skill Development Transforming Youth

The youth today is multi-talented and has the desired ability to perform well in all the traditional and non-traditional fields. However, without the desired knowledge to support it, he cannot develop expertise in the same. A jack of all trades might do well under certain scenarios but a person with master would definitely earn more and lead a better life.

The aimless and confused youth of today, can be given a direction for success by working and enhancing his skills. India is a nation of young entrepreneurs and professional with immense untapped potential for growth and progress. It is this segment of the population that needs guidance and training to realize and achieve their goal of a stable life and prosperous future.



Modes of Skill Development

Skills and knowledge are the primary driving vigor responsible for economic and social growth of a nation. With each passing day, they are gaining more-and-more importance due to the demand for skillful and knowledgeable work force all over the world. Hence, certain unidirectional effort has to be made in helping the youth and other segments of the society to develop skills pertaining to their abilities by the help of providing them relevant knowledge and education. The first step towards this motive would be to recognize the appropriate population of the society that would prosper from this form of training and motivating them by conducting seminars and lectures explaining the importance of trained skill development. The next would be the development and arranging proper standards and commodities that would enhance learning. Such factors could be providing of the relevant infrastructure and trainer along with a special focus on the quality of imparted education and assurance of employment post training. The program should be developed to suit all economic segments of the society.

Several policies of the government are making a planned approach towards attainment of these goals such as the Prime Minister’s National Council on Skill Development.

Applications

Skill development is a diverse field as not all professions function on same skills. Hence, a detailed approach is made to provide for maximum industries with skilled and knowledgeable work force. Some of the most relevant and in-demand fields for skill development are catalogued below.

1. Automobile

Automobile industry has seen a sudden boom in past few years or decades. To sustain to the growing need of the industry, it needs skilled labour and technicians who can contribute to the requirement. Hence skill development trainings are imparted pertaining to the latest technologies in the automobiles, safety requirements and equipments and tools for the business. There are several fields such as repairing, servicing, lubrication etc imparted in these intense training sessions.

2. Textiles

Textile and clothing is an evergreen industry. With the ever changing fashion trends, skilled labour is well paid and catered for with immense growth capabilities in the field. Weaving, sewing, designing, etc are just some of the examples. There are millions of more to explore.

3. Foundry

Foundry is considered to be the next big booming industry globally. With its varied applications, the demand for skilled labor in this industry has seen a sudden growth. The skill development training sessions focus on providing the knowledge to the applicants of this field depending upon the need such as steel casting, braking system, automobile sector, machine tools etc. also, within the industry there are several options depending upon the metal the aspirant wants to deal with such as grey iron, iron, malleable metals, non-ferrous application etc.

4. Rubber

Rubber industry has seen one of the most sustained growths over the past few years. Their applications vary from spare in automobiles to construction, with practical applicability in almost all the industries. In rubber skill development, education is imparted on the production, transformation and development of by-products desirable in various field.

5. Leather

Leather processing and manufacture industry works on high demand policy thus, needing an incessant supply of skilled staff to functional with optimum capabilities. The sector also contributes highly to the revenues of the country due to its high export demand. It is said that leather industry alone contributes to the job opportunities for 2.5 million people each year.

6. Gems and Jewelry

The gem and jewelry industry has tremendous scope for growth and development. However, presently it is suffering from a great shortage of skilled manpower and labors to meet the growing demands of the industry. Several training institutions and workshops have been launched to meet the needs of the industry and supply it with an extremely proficient and skilled manual labor. The efforts are being headed by several organizations under the aegis of Ministry of Commerce, GJEPC (The Gems & Jewelry Export Promotion Council) and GJSCI (Gem & Jewelry Skill Council of India) to hire and train maximum labor for the industry.

7. Domestic Work

Domestic helps and workers are always in demand. The placement industries are always willing to hire such personal with knowledge in the field. Although, the field does not require much intense training session but, a certain basic training of handling the tasks, using the appliances and other equipments of the house is imparted for better placement. Domestic help placement centers all over the country impart this basic knowledge and training to provide skilled labour.

8. Agriculture

Agriculture in today’s scenarios is much different from that in the past. The training pertaining to increased production, fertility, irrigation etc have become necessity to sustain the population of the country. Reforms are being introduced on regular basis for maximum benefits and skilled labor is needed to implement those reforms. Hence, skill development for agriculture industry is one of the most exploited options in the country with millions of farmers learning new methods to enhance their productions and revenue.

9. Construction

Construction business is another industry that requires continuous supply of skilled labor. People are willing to pay and hire as per the government standards for fast and reliable constructions.

10. Plumbing

Plumbing is an avenue that goes hand in hand with construction business. Every building needs plumbing services and repairs on regular basis. This industry too like construction and domestic help absorbs a high amount of labor force of skilled people.

11. Handicrafts

The handicrafts industry need particularly skilled and trained labor to reap maximum benefits. Hence, government pays special focus on the training and education of the required skills in this industry. The revenue system is extremely good and long lasting in this field once a person has achieved a basic training.

12. Media and Entertainment

There are several job opportunities that are being offered to skilled work force in media and entertainment industry such as spot boys, camera technicians, lighting etc. a basic training and knowledge is imparted appropriate to the industry across several places and institutes in the country.

13. IT

IT or computers is a booming field and is likely to sustain its boom in the future as well. In today’s scenario all major tasks and jobs are performed using computer, hence a basic knowledge on the functioning of computers is able to bag the aspirant desirable jobs with decent payment packages.

14. Telecom

Telecom industry has received its desired status in the country finally with a phone at each person’s disposal. But, this also raises the need for skilled technician to lay out and make the equipment of the industry operational along with repairing and assembling the instruments used to telecommunication such as mobile phone, landlines etc.

15. Food Processing

Food processing has seen a rapid growth due the demands of processed foods in the industry. It is an ever growing and booming industry as food is a basic requirement for survival and with the current lifestyle; processed food is a preferable option too. Hence, this industry requires a continuous workforce of skilled labor to function and meet the needs of the society and world.

16. Health Care

Nurse, ward boys and other helps in the healthcare industry form the backbone of the industry. In fact, they are as important as the doctors due to the services they offer in looking after the patients and other people. Official knowledge is imparted pertaining to the needs of the field for better future prospects in the industry.

17. Electronics

Most of our homes are full of electronic and hence, the need for trained technicians and repair mans increases as well. The skill development authority of the country conducts several training sessions and workshops to meet the ever growing demands of the industry to provide well trained technicians.

18. Security

Security industry is also a part of the evergreen society as well trained and skillful security personnel’s are always in-demand and well paid by the hiring agencies. A basic training and knowledge is a must in the industry for better prospects and avenues.



Skill Development for Community Policing

Community policing is a long discussed topic in skilled development and has seen several progressive approaches as well. The education and skill development of people not only bridges the gap between the police and work force/ citizens but also gives a sense of moral fiber to the people. This moral fiber plays a vital role in reduction of crimes across the nation as most people understand the meaning of honest labor and pleasure derived out of this honestly earned revenue. Skilled people with the will to earn an honest income understand their responsibility towards the community and the nation and want to contribute towards its growth effectively.

Efforts Done in India Previously

The government and private NGO’s have been making sincere efforts towards the skill development. Presently, with the 12th plan in action, the government is focusing on the production of skilled labor, which targets the need for 56 million trained and skilled labors by the end of 2020 across the world. The previous plan, 11th, was to reap the benefits of the demographic dividend aimed at training nearly 500 Million people to meet the needs of the growing industry under the guidance of three tier institutional structures of PM’s National Council, National Skill Development Coordination Board and National Skill Development Corporation. The main focus of these institutions was to impart quality education to the aspirants along with providing job opportunities for them to reap maximum interest from people. The industry, too, showed immense interest in the labor as they had the technical knowledge and training to compete with the growing needs of various industries.



Skill Development Programs in India

Under the sound guidance of the government of India, presently the 12th plan for skill development is in action. They aim to train and create a workforce of 56 Million skilled labors by 2020 to meet the never extinguishing needs of the industries. For the same, the focus was laid on quality training and education for enhanced skills and quick placements. The industry also showed equal interest in hiring such skilled labor to contribute to the growth of the country. The government alone is sponsoring and running over 30 different training groups across the country to impart official knowledge at minimum costs targeting all the segments of the society at once. The people have also shown promising efforts towards using these courses to gain official knowledge and skills for a brighter future tomorrow.



Skill Development: Anti-dote for Corruption

Corruption is epidemic that has been gripping India for a long time. However, with the sincere efforts from the different sections of the government the epidemic is finally reducing.

Corruptions also develop a sentiment of disorientation among the skilled labors looking for career opportunities and avenue. Hence, the Ministry of Education and Skill Development (MoESD) has launched an anti-corruption toll free line to help those needing it. Also, such cases are being dealt harshly to de-motivate people corrupting the system.

The skilled labor understands the need to earn and live an honest life for a brighter future. This enables them to fight corruption effectively and report issues concerning them.



Effects of Skill Development on Development and Economy

Skill development and employment opportunities offer people a stable platform to people for the desired present and aspiring future ahead. The gaps between the developing and developed countries can be only met by motivating its citizens to educate themselves and use skill development to earn an honest living. In today’s world, knowledge and education is the trend for the future to develop knowledge based communities.br>
To achieve this dream and goal, the various institutions and powerful agencies have come together and join hands to provide training and education to maximum people to offer them a better life style sustained by better job opportunities. This developed population of the country places a crucial role in developing the economy of the country by contributing to its economic growth. Hence, it can be said that the population of the skilled labor is the answer to development and economy growth of the nation.



Skill Development for Modern Economy

Skill development is the process of polishing the skills possessed by the laborers and other handicraft workers to provide them with a better platform to carry out their specialized skills for better income prospects. India is a country off skilled labor who posses expertise to carry out several different professions that could serve as a form of livelihood and prosperity. However, due to lack of knowledge these skills are often unpolished and fetch them much lesser income than they deserve. Hence, a more strategic and planned approach is essential is needed to educate these people. Training and education is extremely essential to enhance the skills of a person to further increase his/her productivity, in turn revenue/income/earning.

Also, another essential aspect of skill development is that new aged training equips a person to deal with latest technology and equipment making his skills more versatile. A trained workforce is capable enough to work under the influence of better tools and earn a better livelihood. The economy is dependent upon its populace for economic development; more the number of people who earn a decent income better are the growth. A modern country demands a workforce that is trained with skill development and earns an income that can easily sustain his/her family, hence emphasizing the need for skill development for a modern developed economy.